Evaluation of the Rates of Suicide by Natural and Synthetic Opioids
Background and Aim: Suicide is a public health concern across the world. Due to the limited information as to the rates suicide attempts by synthetic and natural opioids in Iran, this study aimed to assess the rates of suicide attempts by natural and synthetic opioids.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed among subjects who had attempted suicide and were referred to the Imam Hossein Hospital of Shahroud, Iran, from March to September 2019. We extracted the data of 149 subjects from the medical records registered in the archives of Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahroud, Iran.
Results: The mean age of the subjects was 25.42±9.76 years (age range: 14-62 years). Of these cases, 64.6% were female and 35.6% were male. The majority of the suicide attempts were unsuccessful (99.3%). About 28% of the suicides were committed on the birthday of the cases. Moreover, the majority of the subjects were single (85.2%), urban residents (82.6%), and used synthetic opioids (11/4%). A significant difference was observed between subjects of different age groups in terms of residency (χ2=8.73; P=0.01). Moreover, a correlation was found between the type of substance use and residency (r=0.16; P=0.009).
Conclusion: Female gender, young age, being single, residing in urban area, and using synthetic opioids were the risk factors for suicide. About one-third of the suicide attempts were made on the birthday of the subjects. The use of synthetic opioids as an approach for suicide was mostly preferred by women as compare to men.
Keywords: Occupational Medicine; Opioids; Substance-related Disorders; Suicide
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