Suicide Attempt and Related Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study in Northeast of Iran
Background: Suicide attempt is an important psychological problem all over the world, and its upward trend is alarming due to its harmful consequences on family, society, and the economy. This study was conducted with the aim of presenting a picture of suicide attempts and related factors in Northeastern Iran.
Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive analytical study, the trauma registration information forms of the ministry of health of Iran, were used in the emergency department(ED) of three hospitals in the city of Shahrood within two Iranian calender years. The data of people who attempted suicide and referred to ED of these hospitals were collected by trained nurses. Analysis was done by IBM SPSS statistics version 23. The significant level was considered 0.05.
Results: The findings showed that 793 individuals with suicide attempts were referred to the ED of hospitals within 2 years. Among them 321 (40.5%) were men and 470 (59.3%) were women. The rate of suicide attempt among men was 125.87/100,000,among women 186.00/100,000,totally155.84 /100,000. Suicide attempted in the age group under 30 (71.2%) was more than in other age groups and complete suicide was significantly more in men. The ratio of male : female suicide attempts was 0.68. In the age group of 10 to 60, the percentage of suicide attempts was higher in women than in men, but in the age group of 60 to 80, the percentage of suicide attempts was higher in men, and this difference was significantly higher (p-value=0.035). In addition, there was a significant difference in the place of suicide attempts in men and women (p-value=0.029).
Conclusion: Our results is more than Iranian average. Considering youth and teenagers, especially girls are vulnerable to suicide attempts, are teachers of a happy and dynamic generation in the near future. Effective preventive interventions are essential. These local interventions can be designed to provide psychological consultation and mental health educational services to families and individuals, and continuous monitoring of people with a history of suicide attempts is crucial.
Keywords: Suicide attempt, Iran, Shahroud, trauma, women suicide attemp
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