The Correlation between Happiness and Spiritual Health with Academic Self-Efficacy among Medical Sciences Students

  • Mohammad Amiri 1 1. Dept. of Public Health, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
  • Reza Chaman 2 2.Dept. of Epidemiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
  • Fahimeh Mohammadnejad 3 3. Student Research Committee, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
  • Ahmad Khosravi 4* 4. Center for Health-Related social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Successful accomplishment of a task or an assignment needs academic self-efficacy. This study was designed to examine the relationship between happiness and spiritual well-being with academic self-efficacy among the students of Shahrud University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: We randomly selected 500 students in this cross-sectional study by employing spiritual well-being, happiness, and academic self-efficacy questionnaires in 2018. We applied the SPSS 16 software to analyze the collected data using ANOVA, Chi-square, and Pearson Correlation tests. The significance level was considered 0.05 in all tests.

Results: The mean scores obtained for spiritual health and happiness were at a moderate level, accounting for 89.56±16.11 and 39.95±12.52, respectively, while the academic self-efficacy mean score was assessed to be high and equal to 109.32±18.44. We found a significant relationship between spiritual well-being and happiness with academic self-efficacy (P=0.001). The variables of happiness and gender appeared to be significant in the logistic regression final model. According to the results, women had a potential to show higher self-efficacy 1.8 times more than men. In addition, the rate of self-efficacy increased by 5% per every 1 score increase in happiness (OR=1.05).

Conclusions: Due to the fact most of students showed a moderate level of spiritual health and happiness and over a third of students had a moderate level of academic self-efficacy, we need to further focus on spiritual health and happiness. Obviously, improving these two factors will be a key in improving the academic self-efficacy.

Keywords

Published
Nov 30, 2018
How to Cite
AMIRI 1, Mohammad et al. The Correlation between Happiness and Spiritual Health with Academic Self-Efficacy among Medical Sciences Students. International Journal of Health Studies, [S.l.], nov. 2018. ISSN 2423-6594. Available at: <https://ijhs.shmu.ac.ir/index.php/ijhs/article/view/373>. Date accessed: 14 june 2021. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22100/ijhs.v4i1.373.
Section
Articles

Keywords

Spiritual Wellbeing, Academic Self-Efficacy, Happiness, Life Satisfaction, Self-Efficacy