Effect of Lifestyle on Psychological Well-Being and Severity of Menopausal Symptoms in Women during Premenopausal Period
Subject: The premenopausal period is a variable time range in the last years of women's fertility period, which is associated with contrasting physical and mental symptoms in different women. This study was designed to determine the relationship between lifestyle and physical and psychological symptoms of this duration in women.
Method: This descriptive-analytic study was performed on 400 women referring to Shahroud health centers during the premenopausal period in 1396. Cluster sampling was done. The instruments used included demographic information questionnaire, lifestyle questionnaire (LSQ), Keys and Gyarmo well-being scale, and Hayman's MRS Menopause Scale. Data were analyzed by SPSS-24 software. Descriptive characteristics were reported using central and dispersion statistical indicators and frequency distribution: Pearson correlation test, t-test, and one way ANOVA were used. The general linear regression model was used to control conflicting variables.
Results: The mean age of women was 46.5 ± 2.8 years. 43.8% of women report severe hot flushes. The results of Pearson correlation coefficient showed a significant and positive correlation between the total score of lifestyle with psychological well-being, the severity of menopausal symptoms, and education level (p <0.001).
Conclusion: Healthy lifestyle affects the psychological well-being and decreases the severity of menopausal symptoms during premenopausal women, and appropriate education and counseling are essential in this regard.
Keywords: Lifestyle, Premenopausal, Psychological Well-Being, Menopause.
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