Occupational Exposure to Blood and other Bodily Fluids among Laboratory Technicians: An Underestimated Risk Factor

  • Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi1* 1. Dept. of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
  • Seyed Mohammad Mirrezaie2 2. Center for Health Related Social and Behavioral Sciences research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
  • Seyed Shahrokh Aghayan3 3. Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.
  • Ramin Mehrdad4 4. Center for Research on Occupational Diseases, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Gholamreza Pouryaghoub4
  • Maryam Yarmohammadi5 5. Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
  • Roya Jafary Pakdehi6 6. Student Research Committee, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate risk of Needle stick and Sharp Injuries (NSI) and exposure to blood borne pathogens, among laboratory technicians.Methods: 213 self-reporting questionnaires were distributed among the laboratory technicians who were working at three educational hospitals in Tehran. A total of 193 laboratory personnel completed the questionnaire. Results: 69.9% of participants were females. 94 (43.5%) of participants had a history of needle stick injury and 70 (36.3%) had splash injury during their work life. The prevalence of one year (last year) exposure was 25.4% and 17.1% respectively. In 58 out of 94 cases, recapping was the mechanism of injury. 151 laboratory personnel (78.2%) had been immunized against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). 79.8% of the laboratory personnel usually eat, drink or smoke at workplace. 175 (91%) of the study sample used personal protective equipment such as glove in laboratory environment. Conclusions: In this study, a high frequency of NSI and splash were observed among laboratory technicians in the research context, which was not related to some variables such as age, sex, duration of employment, the HBV vaccination status, participating in workshop of education and training for injury prevention.
Published
Feb 28, 2015
How to Cite
EBRAHIMI1*, Mohammad Hossein et al. Occupational Exposure to Blood and other Bodily Fluids among Laboratory Technicians: An Underestimated Risk Factor. International Journal of Health Studies, [S.l.], p. page:24-27, feb. 2015. ISSN 2423-6594. Available at: <http://ijhs.shmu.ac.ir/index.php/ijhs/article/view/23>. Date accessed: 12 dec. 2019. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22100/ijhs.v1i1.23.
Section
Articles

Keywords

Needle stick, Splash, Blood and body fluid exposure, Laboratory technician, Iran.