Lifestyle Changes Reduce the Risk Factors of Osteopenia in Menopause Iranian Women

  • Maliheh Arab 1* 1- Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Samaneh Saraeian 2 2- Imam Hossein Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Ghazaleh Fazli 3 3- Developmental Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Robabeh Ghodssi-Ghassemabadi 4 4- Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Seyyedeh Neda Kazemi 5 5- School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
  • Nasrin Yousefi 3 3- Developmental Biology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Background: This study found a way to change the lifestyle and reduced the risk factors of osteopenia in menopause Iranian women.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed in order to enroll 50 years or older asymptomatic women, who referred to the Imam Hossein medical center, Tehran, Iran for outpatient screening from 2013 up to 2015. A questionnaire including forty-one risk factors was completed and bone mass densitometry (BMD) was done by the DXA method. Bone density of femur and lumbar spine according to standard curves was calculated for each person and was recorded in the questionnaire as a study outcome. Data were analyzed using SPSS 17 software. Significant level was set at 0.05.
Results: In the present study, 317 cases participated who had mean age of 52.46 years old. BMD revealed 237 (75%) osteopenia or osteoporosis prevalence. Age, menopause age and BMI related to the study outcomes significantly. Cost of each osteoporosis-osteopenia case in 50 years old or older women was 59 Dollars. Osteoporosisosteopenia was significantly related to age (Pvalue = 0.001) and menopause age (Pvalue = 0.003).
Conclusions: It is reasonable that 75% osteopenia-osteoporosis will be found by BMD screening in 50 years or older Iranian women, especially if BMI be low and in the early menopause age.
Keywords: Osteopenia, Lifestyle, Menopause, Women.
Published
Nov 5, 2019
How to Cite
ARAB 1*, Maliheh et al. Lifestyle Changes Reduce the Risk Factors of Osteopenia in Menopause Iranian Women. International Journal of Health Studies, [S.l.], nov. 2019. ISSN 2423-6594. Available at: <http://ijhs.shmu.ac.ir/index.php/ijhs/article/view/661>. Date accessed: 18 sep. 2020. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.22100/ijhs.v5i2.661.
Section
Articles

Keywords

Osteopenia; Menopause; Iran; Risk Factors